legal terminology


 A written statement confirmed by oath or affirmation, for use as evidence in court. 

Amicus Curiae

Friend of the court.

Block Fee

A Block Fee is a fixed fee paid for a specific activity or a particular stage of the case. 

Breach of Contract

Failure to complete a contract according to its agreed upon terms.

Cause of Action

The grounds (such as violation of a right) that entitle a plaintiff to bring a suit. 

Contingency Fee

A fee payable for services if there is a favourable outcome of the legal matter. A contingency fee is usually calculated as a percentage (%) of the awarded amount.


An agreement between two or more parties recognized by law, which gives rise to an obligation that courts may enforce.

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The Crown is a term used to mean, in effect, the state. The prosecution of a criminal or quasi-criminal case is said to be on behalf of Crown.



A person, company or corporation that has been sued in a civil lawsuit. 

Demand Letter

Also referred to as a "Pre-Litigation Letter", a Demand Letter is a document that  requests immediate payment of debt.

Demerit Point

A point assessed against a driver's licence for an offence committed by a driver under the Highway Traffic Act.


 A disbursement is money paid out on behalf of the client, such as court fees, witness fees, parking fees, photocopying and faxing fees etc. 


Disclosure is the evidence that a prosecutor uses against you in a court of law.

Flat Rate

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A way to enforce a judgment or debt determined to be owed by the garnishee.



 A judgment is a decision of a court regarding the rights and liabilities of parties in a legal action or proceeding.


The right to retain possession of property until a debt due to the person detaining the property is satisfied.


A person who brings a civil case against another party.

Witness Statement

A witness statement is usually a written eyewitness account of an incident or a statement by someone who has direct knowledge of a matter.